Firstly, a few myths and facts concerning dandruff.
1: Dandruff is caused by dry skin
2: Dandruff can be cured completely
3: Dandruff is contagious
4: Dandruff causes hair loss
1: Dandruff can appear as either very dry and flaky scalp or very oily scalp with flakes
2: Dandruff is caused by several factors, like overactive oil glands on the scalp, too much stress, poor diet, hormonal imbalance, regular shampooing etc
3: Dandruff cannot be cured completely. It reappears and It worsens during winter months. It can only be controlled or managed
4: Dandruff can manifest into acne on the face
5 Best Shampoos for Dandruff Problem
1: L’Oréal Elvive Anti-dandruff Intensive Shampoo; by far the best I have used. Like most shampoos it doesn’t make your hair dry or rough and using it for a week made a substantial reduction. I use this during winter and it keeps me away from dandruff. You can get this product anywhere in the world. Make sure you buy from a reputed store so that you don’t get fooled by the fake ones .
Pros: Works and smells fine, doesn’t dry up your hair . Not too expensive. Easy to find
Cons: Selenium disulfide an active ingredient and is used as an anti fungal agent in shampoos. Long use may cause discoloration and hair loss
2: Nizoral Anti-dandruff Shampoo. By default ,this is one shampoo which gets widely recommended by many, maybe because it is easily available everywhere. It gives excellent result in few days of use. It contains ingredient ketoconazole, considered to be effective against Pityorosporum ovale, the organism which most dermatologists believe to be the cause of dandruff. It works well if you have greasy scaling on your scalp. However Nizoral makes the hair extremely dry and rough. Contains Butylated hydroxytoluene and Hydrchloric Acid which cause some health concern.
Pros: Excellent result if you have greasy scaling, easily available
Cons: Makes the hair dry and rough, Ingredients that pose some health concerns.
3: Neutrogena T/Gel Therapeutic Shampoo. The company claims that it is No 1shampoo recommended by the dermatologists. I have used it for 2 months. . You see it working after 2 weeks. The company claims that it starts working after just one use. I strongly disagree. It makes the hair really dry and rough and it has got a very unpleasant odor. It smells like freshly tarred road because it has coal tar in it. Apparently the FDA approved coal tar is said to be effective in treating dandruff!
Pros: Effective after 2 weeks. Trusted brand
Cons: Rough and dry hair, unpleasant smell, expensive, Not easily available, Coal Tar is an ingredient suspected of causing cancer.
4: K.P Namboodiri’s Ayurvedic Anti-dandruff Shampoo: To be frank, I wanted this to be the NO 1 but it ranks 4 for two reasons. 1: It is available only in India. 2: This is not fully Ayurvedic as it claims to be. This is the best anti dandruff shampoo I have used. Packed with natural ingredients like Amla, you see excellent result in 3 times use. This is mild and it doesn’t dry up your hair either. Although it claims to be ayurvedic, there are ingredients like Sodium lauryl sulfate and Butylated hydroxytoluene. SLS is a cheap ingredient to create foam and is widely used by most shampoo and bath Gel manufacturers. It may cause various skin irritations. BHT is a common ingredient used in many packed foods as a preservative.
Pros: Highly effective, Inexpensive if bought in India. Pleasant odor.
Cons: Rare to find even in India. Not 100% natural
5: Blossom Kochhar, Aroma Magic, China Rose Anti Ant-dandruff Shampoo. Another herbal product from India. Very mild and a trusted herbal brand. It is not really effective for dandruff but it is so mild that one can use it regularly. Regular use does keep dandruff away. (If you live in North America I would suggest you try Burt’s Bees shampoo if you need a mild one for regular use.) Excellent aromatic smell. The only issue I found with Aroma magic shampoo is that they claim this to be natural but one cannot find the list of ingredients used on the bottle. Burt’s Bees too have the same issue.
Pros: Mild, pleasant odor,
Cons: hard to find, doesn’t list used ingredients, Expensive for Indian standard.
Remember, anti-dandruff shampoos do not permanently cure your dandruff problems but only controls it because dandruff is a chronic condition and it reappears as season changes.
Henna: The best natural remedy for dandruff is organic henna. Make a good paste from Henna leaves and apply and rinse after 2 hours. Beware! It is a natural coloring agent and it can make your hair /hands look reddish.
Lemon: Some people vouch that applying lemon juice on scalp is highly effective. However I am not very convinced, I have heard several complaints like hair loss due to highly acidic nature of lemon.
Oil massage: Make sure you massage your scalp with oil once a week. Massage increases blood circulation. I prefer olive oil because it makes my hair smooth.
Curd: It should work against dandruff if you apply regularly. I would not say it is highly effective. Besides your hair would smell like rotten food in the fridge.
Water: Last but not the least, drink plenty of water. It really helps!
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